How Sacral Nerve Stimulation is Done:
When Sacral Nerve Stimulation Is Used:
Sacral Nerve Stimulation Controls More Than Pain:
Will Sacral Nerve Stimulation Work For Me?:
Before you consider sacral nerve stimulation, talk to your doctor about the potential risks and benefits.
Feler Claudio A., Whitworth Louis A and Fernandez Julius. Sacral Neuromodulation for Chronic Pain Conditions. Anesthesiology Clinics of North America. 21 (2003) pp785– 795
Fitzgerald C, Morabito R and Zaslau S. Sacral Neuromodulation Unsuccessful For Pain Control After Failed Radical Cystectomy For Chronic Pelvic Pain. The Internet Journal of Pain, Symptom Control and Palliative Care. 2008 Volume 6 Number 1
Mayer Robert D. and Howard Fred M. Sacral Nerve Stimulation: Neuromodulation for Voiding Dysfunction and Pain. Neurotherapeutics. Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2008, Pages 107-113.
Zabihi Nasim, Mourtzinos Arthur, Maher Mary Grey et al. Short-term Results of Bilateral S2–S4 Sacral Neuromodulation for the Treatment of Refractory Interstitial Cystitis, Painful Bladder Syndrome, and Chronic Pelvic Pain. International Urogynecology Journal. Volume 19, Number 4 / April, 2008. pp 553-557.
National Guideline Clearinghouse. General Treatment of Chronic Pelvic Pain. Accessed 9/1/09. http://www.guideline.gov/summary/summary.aspx?doc_id=12612
Pettit PD, Thompson JR, Chen AH. Sacral Neuromodulation: New Applications in the Treatment of Female Pelvic Floor Dysfunction. Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2002 Oct;14(5):521-5