Abdominal surgery has been known, in some cases, to cause damage to the ilio-inguinal nerve, the ilio-hypogastric nerve and the genitofemoral nerve, all of which can lead to pelvic nerve pain. Here are a few reasons which this might happen.
- Pelvic nerves are close to incisional sites. During routine abdominal and pelvic surgeries, the ilio-hypogastric and ilio-inguinal nerves are often directly in the line of fire. Due to anatomical differences between people, even the most skilled surgeons have the potential to sever these nerves.
- Anatomically, pelvic nerves are different in each person. Pelvic nerve structure can vary greatly from person to person. In some people, the nerves sit under the abdominal muscles. In other people, they may pass right through them. Some people have more pelvic nerve branches than others. Avoiding pelvic nerve damage during surgery is not easy when there are so many potential variations.
- Stretching pelvic nerves can also cause damage. You don’t have to have your pelvic nerves cut or nicked in order to suffer from chronic pelvic nerve pain: sometimes, the nerves are stretched enough during surgery that enough damage is done.
- Pelvic nerves may become compressed after surgery. Nerve entrapment can also lead to pelvic nerve pain, and can occur in the pelvic nerves after some types of surgery.
Before you panic about having abdominal surgery, you should know that pelvic nerve pain caused by damage to the pelvic nerves is pretty rare. As more and more research becomes available, surgeons are using more advances techniques to avoid damage to pelvic nerves during abdominal and pelvic surgeries.
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